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First name: Sergei
Date of birth: January 1, 1961
Last updated: March 16, 2004
|State Duma deputy and Motherland faction leader|
Sergei Glazev was born 1 January 1961 in Zaporozhe, Ukraine.
In 1983, he finished his studies in economic cybernetics at Moscow State University's prestigious Lomonsov Institute. Just three years later, at the age of 25, he defended his kandidat degree on the theme of "economic changes in the technical development of the Soviet Union using cross-country comparisons."
In 1990, at the age of 29, Glazev defended his doctoral dissertation on the "regularity of long-term technical-economic development and its use in the administration of the people's economy." In 1990, he was the youngest person to earn a doctorate in economic science in the Soviet Union, according to "Profil" on 12 May 2003.
In the late 1980s, Glazev was in Moscow at just the right time to hook up with two other young economists who would soon play leading roles in national politics -- Yegor Gaidar and Anatolii Chubais. Starting in 1987, Glazev participated in a famous economics study group led by Chubais and Gaidar. According to "Profil," other participants in these historic seminars did not notice at the time that Glazev had any kind of penchant for dirigiste methods of managing the economy. In fact, some British economists who worked with Glazev at the Center for the Study of Communist Economics and the future Russian director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Konstantin Kagalovskii were "flabbergasted" when Glazev started to express a more leftist orientation toward economic policy in the late 1990s.
In the fall of 1991, when new Russian President Boris Yeltsin called on him to form a government, acting Prime Minister Gaidar tapped fellow seminar participant Petr Aven to head the Committee for International Economic Relations. Aven in turn asked Glazev to be his deputy. When the committee became a ministry, Glazev became first deputy minister.
At the end of 1992, Gaidar was forced to resign, and Aven followed suit. But Glazev remained, becoming international economic relations minister. He soon butted heads with the more influential Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko, and after a humiliating episode in which Glazev's plane was ordered by higher-ups in Moscow to turn around in mid-air while it was taking him to a debt-negotiation session in Africa, Glazev tendered his resignation after less than nine months as minister.
On that occasion, however, Yeltsin did not accept Glazev's resignation, but a month later, in September 1993, Glazev again resigned, this time to protest Yeltsin's decree dissolving the Supreme Soviet. This time, his resignation was accepted. According to his official biography on glazev.ru, Glazev "was not a supporter of parliament speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov, but as he [Glazev] says, 'Democracy is first of all a process of negotiation and respect for the law.'"
For a short time, Glazev returned to academia, but then a fellow veteran of the Gaidar government, Nikolai Fedorov, invited him to participate in the 1993 State Duma elections on the party list of the Democratic Party of Russia (DPR), according to "Profil." In the first Duma, Glazev became chairman of the Economic Policy Committee. If during his stint in the cabinet, "the monetarist policies of Gaidar did not directly affect Glazev's work," according to "Kto est kto," during the debate over the 1994 budget, Glazev found his voice.
By the fall of 1994, Glazev had become the "informal leader of the Duma antigovernment movement" and a potential shadow prime minister. Glazev initiated a vote of no confidence in the government, which failed. On the eve of the vote, articles appeared accusing Glazev of being a lobbyist for industry, one of which was signed by presidential administration head Sergei Filatov. A few months later, Glazev returned the favor, publishing an article in "Nezavisimaya gazeta" blasting Chubais's privatization plan.
In December 1995, Glazev ran again for the State Duma, but the party with which he aligned himself, the Congress of Russian Communities (KRO) led by the late General Aleksandr Lebed, did not surpass the 5 percent barrier to enter the parliament. After the 1996 presidential election, Glazev followed Lebed to the Security Council, but when Lebed resigned four months later, Glazev also left, finding new work in the apparatus of the Federation Council, where he remained until the next Duma elections in 1999.
The appearance of Glazev's name on the Communist Party list in the 1999 Duma elections was "very unexpected," according to "Kto est kto." Some of his former colleagues still hadn't forgotten that before the KRO he had been a member of the DPR. An unidentified deputy from the first Duma told "Profil": "Glazev then and Glazev now -- these are two different people. Then he was an economist, and now he is a politician."
The alliance with the Communist Party finally gave Glazev a national platform to present his economic views. He became the party's chief "talking head" on economic matters. According to his official biography, Glazev decided by 1998 that "to solve the country's serious problems, it needs a serious party." Aligned with the Communists, he managed to return to the Duma. He even became chairman of the Duma's Economic Policy and Business Committee for a time.
In 2002, Glazev ran as the Communist Party's candidate in Krasnoyarsk Krai. His unexpectedly strong performance in that race focused new attention on him as a potential alternative to Communist Party leader Gennadii Zyuganov. But Glazev's efforts this year to bring the Communist Party into a larger leftist umbrella movement in which the Communists were just one component rather than the lead organization failed. So Glazev, together with Duma Deputy Dmitrii Rogozin, founded a new electoral bloc called Motherland-National Patriotic Union, which comprises 29 leftist-patriotic parties and organizations.
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